KYRGYZSTAN


KYRGYZSTAN
KYRGYZSTAN (formerly Kirghizia), a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, bordered on the north and northwest by Kazakhstan, to the southwest by Uzbekistan, and on the south by Tadzhikistan, with a population of some 4,500,000 people. In 1939 there lived in Kirgizian S.S.S.R. 1,578 Jews (0.58% of the total population), most of them, 1,031 (1.1%), in the capital Frunze. In the beginning of World War II many Jews were evacuated there. In 1979 Kirghizia had a Jewish population of 6,900, with 5,700 living in the capital Frunze which in 1991 was renamed Bishkek. In 1989 the Jewish population of the republic was 6,000 (with 5,200 in the capital); 178 Jews emigrated in 1989. In 1990, 1,170 Jews from Kyrgyzstan immigrated to Israel, 1,111 of them from Frunze. In 1991, the year the republic gained independence, the corresponding figures were 696 and 629. One Jew was elected to the Supreme Soviet of the republic in 1990. The government of the republic expressed its opposition to Islamic fundamentalism. In 1992 Kyrgyzstan passed a law making knowledge of the Kirghiz language a prerequisite for high government positions. This latter condition effectively barred most Jews from holding high government offices. (Michael Beizer) There were an estimated 3,300 Jews in Kyrgyzstan at the end of 1993. In 1992, 250 people left Kyrgyzstan for Israel, and 449 in 1993. Around 800 remained in the early 2000s. Three summer camps for the young were opened in the Kyrgyz highland in 1993: in Tioplyie Kliuchi, 60 km. from Bishkek (Orthodox, sponsored by Jewish organizations of Belgium); another one, run by Bnei Akiva – 30 km. from Bishkek; and a third, on the shore of Issyk-Kul lake. The camps were intended for Jewish children and teenagers from the whole C.I.S. Anti-Jewish articles appeared in some newspapers in 1993–94. The Russian-language newspaper Svobodnyie gory ("Free Mountains") in February 1994 condemned the immigration to Israel and blamed Jews for the problems of the country. (Daniel Romanowski (2nd ed.) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: U. Schmelz and S. DellaPergola in: AJYB (1995), 478; Supplement to the Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, 2 (1995), Jerusalem; Antisemitism World Report (1995), London: Institute of Jewish Affairs, 61; Mezhdunarodnaia Evreiskaia Gazeta (MEG) (1993).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Kyrgyzstan — /kir gi stahn /, n. official name of Kirghizia. * * * Kyrgyzstan Introduction Kyrgyzstan Background: A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, Kyrgyzstan was annexed by Russia in 1864; it achieved… …   Universalium

  • Kyrgyzstan — Infobox Country native name = Кыргыз Республикасы Kyrgyz Respublikasi Кыргызская Республика Kyrgyzskaya Respublika conventional long name = Kyrgyz Republic common name = Kyrgyzstan national motto = none national anthem = official languages =… …   Wikipedia

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  • Kyrgyzstan — noun a landlocked republic in west central Asia bordering on northwestern China; formerly an Asian soviet but became independent in 1991 • Syn: ↑Kyrgyz Republic, ↑Kirghizia, ↑Kirgizia, ↑Kirghiz, ↑Kirgiz, ↑Kirghizstan, ↑Kirgizstan …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kyrgyzstan — Kirghizistan Кыргыз Республикасы (ky) Кыргызская республика (ru) Kirghizistan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kyrgyzstan — geographical name independent country W central Asia; a constituent republic ( Kirgiz Republic (or Kirghiz Republic) ) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1936 91; capital Bishkek area 76,641 square miles (198,500 square kilometers),… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kyrgyzstan — noun Country in Central Asia, bordering on Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. Official name: Kyrgyz Republic. See Also: Kyrgyz, Kirghiz, Kyrgyz SSR …   Wiktionary

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  • Kyrgyzstan — Kyr|gy|zstan Kirghizia a country in central Asia between China and Uzbekistan, which used to be part of the former Soviet Union. Population: 4,753,000 (2001). Capital: Bishkek …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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